Search

This is a draft edition of the 2014-15 Catalog; the final edition will be published in late summer 2014.

Microbiology

Chair

  • Patrick M. Schlievert

Faculty

Professors

  • Lee-Ann H. Allen (Internal Medicine/Microbiology), Gail A. Bishop (Microbiology/Internal Medicine), Steven Clegg, John T. Harty (Microbiology/Pathology), Bradley D. Jones, John R. Kirby, David M. Lubaroff (Urology/Microbiology), Wendy J. Maury, Linda L. McCarter, Paul B. McCray Jr. (Stead Family Department of Pediatrics/Microbiology/Internal Medicine), William M. Nauseef (Internal Medicine/Microbiology), Stanley Perlman (Microbiology/Stead Family Department of Pediatrics), Richard J. Roller, Patrick M. Schlievert (Microbiology/Internal Medicine), Jack T. Stapleton (Internal Medicine/Microbiology), Jerrold P. Weiss (Internal Medicine/Microbiology), Mary E. Wilson (Microbiology/Internal Medicine/International Programs/Epidemiology), Timothy L. Yahr

Associate professors

  • Craig D. Ellermeier, Alexander R. Horswill, Jon C.D. Houtman (Microbiology/Internal Medicine), Aloysius J. Klingelhutz (Microbiology/Radiation Oncology), Kevin L. Legge (Pathology/Microbiology), Steven M. Varga (Microbiology/Pathology), David S. Weiss, Hai-Hui Xue

Assistant professors

  • Blaise R. Boles, Hillel Haim, Keith W. Jarosinski, Chioma M. Okeoma

Lecturers

  • Marcia L. Cordts, Linda M. Knudtson

Professors emeriti

  • Michael A. Apicella, Robert F. Ashman, John E. Butler, Charles D. Cox, Michael G. Feiss, David T. Gibson, Louis G. Hoffmann, William Johnson, Erich W. Six, Donald P. Stahly, George V. Stauffer, Mark F. Stinski, C. Martin Stoltzfus

Associate professor emeritus

  • Jose E. Rodriguez
Undergraduate major: microbiology (B.S.)
Undergraduate minor: microbiology
Graduate degrees: M.S. in microbiology; Ph.D. in microbiology
Web site: http://www.medicine.uiowa.edu/microbiology/

Study in the Department of Microbiology is dedicated to the branch of biological sciences that deals with the smallest living things: bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae, protozoa, and viruses. It is coupled with immunology, the study of the response of higher organisms to foreign substances.

Microbiology and immunology are at the forefront of the modern biological revolution. Microbes are often the experimental subjects of choice for examining basic genetic and biological phenomena because of their small size, rapid growth rate, and relative simplicity. A significant portion of contemporary biochemical research employs microbiological and immunological methods.

Current research is making theoretical and practical advances concerning microbial species and viruses that infect animals, including man, plants, and other microbes; the use of comparative genomics, gene expression profiling, and recombinant DNA methods to analyze basic biological processes and generate valuable products; the nature and occurrence of microbial life in extreme or unusual environments; microbial synthesis and modification of antibiotics and other natural products; the role of microbes in stabilization of the biosphere by recycling and detoxifying waste products; the genetics and regulation of metabolic processes; and the genetics and regulation of the immune response, including characterization of mechanisms used by bacteria to signal one another and characterization of interactions between different types of immune cells and their targets.

The Department of Microbiology offers an undergraduate major, an undergraduate minor, and graduate degree programs and determines the curricula for those programs. Undergraduates majoring in microbiology receive their degrees (Bachelor of Science) from the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences and are governed by that college's undergraduate academic policies. Graduate degrees in microbiology are conferred by the Graduate College.

Undergraduate Programs of Study

  • Major in microbiology (Bachelor of Science)
  • Minor in microbiology

Microbiology is an excellent major for undergraduate students who want a good general education with emphasis on an important and interesting branch of biological sciences. Graduates find employment opportunities in government, hospitals, public health laboratories, research laboratories, and industrial laboratories (food, dairy, chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology companies). Those who pursue advanced degrees have more advanced career opportunities in these same areas as well as in college and university teaching.

Bachelor of Science

The Bachelor of Science with a major in microbiology requires a minimum of 120 s.h., including 63-64 s.h. of work for the major (21 s.h. in microbiology and 42-43 s.h. in supporting course work). Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all courses for the major and in all UI courses for the major. They also must complete the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences General Education Program.

Students must complete at least 12 s.h. of the required 21 s.h. in microbiology courses at The University of Iowa.

The major in microbiology requires the following course work.

MICROBIOLOGY COURSES

Students earn 21 s.h. in microbiology courses, as follows.

MICR:2157 (061:157) General Microbiology (with a grade of C or higher)5 s.h.
MICR:4163 (061:163) Seminar: Microbiology (taken during the last two semesters before graduation)2 s.h.
Additional microbiology courses, with at least 14 s.h. in courses numbered MICR:3147 (061:147) or above, excluding MICR:3164 (061:164) and MICR:5220 (061:220)14 s.h.

Students must earn a grade of C or higher in MICR:2157 (061:157) in order to take more advanced microbiology courses.

Students must take MICR:4163 (061:163) once for credit during their last two semesters before graduation. They may apply a maximum of 2 s.h. earned in the course toward the major, but they are encouraged to take it for 0 s.h. during other semesters after they have completed MICR:2157 (061:157).

A maximum of 4 s.h. earned in MICR:4161 (061:161) Undergraduate Research in Microbiology may be counted toward the major. However, honors students must complete 23 s.h. of microbiology courses for the major and may count 6 s.h. earned in MICR:4171 (061:171) Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiology; see "Honors in the Major" below.

SUPPORTING COURSE WORK

In addition to the required 21 s.h. in microbiology, the major requires the supporting course work listed below. These courses may not be taken pass/nonpass.

All of these:

BIOC:3120 (099:120) Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I3 s.h.
BIOC:3130 (099:130) Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II3 s.h.
BIOL:1411 (002:031)-BIOL:1412 (002:032) Foundations of Biology - Diversity of Form and Function8 s.h.
CHEM:1110 (004:011)-CHEM:1120 (004:012) Principles of Chemistry I-II8 s.h.
CHEM:2210 (004:121)-CHEM:2220 (004:122) Organic Chemistry I-II6 s.h.
CHEM:2410 (004:141) Organic Chemistry Laboratory3 s.h.

One of these sequences:

PHYS:1511 (029:011)-PHYS:1512 (029:012) College Physics I-II8 s.h.
PHYS:1611 (029:081)-PHYS:1612 (029:082) Introductory Physics I-II8 s.h.

One of these:

BIOS:5110 (171:161) Introduction to Biostatistics3 s.h.
MATH:1460 (22M:016) Calculus for the Biological Sciences4 s.h.
MATH:1550 (22M:031) Engineering Mathematics I: Single Variable Calculus4 s.h.
MATH:1850 (22M:025) Calculus I4 s.h.
STAT:3510 (22S:101) Biostatistics3 s.h.

In addition, the following course may be recommended for some students.

CNW:2680 (08N:080) The Art and Craft of Creative Nonfiction3 s.h.

Four-Year Graduation Plan

The following checkpoints list the minimum requirements students must complete by certain semesters in order to stay on the University's Four-Year Graduation Plan. (Courses in the major are those required to complete the major; they may be offered by departments other than the major department.)

Before the third semester begins: BIOL:1411 (002:031) Foundations of Biology, CHEM:1110 (004:011) Principles of Chemistry I, CHEM:1120 (004:012) Principles of Chemistry II, and an approved calculus or biostatistics course

Before the fifth semester begins: BIOL:1412 (002:032) Diversity of Form and Function, CHEM:2210 (004:121) Organic Chemistry I, CHEM:2220 (004:122) Organic Chemistry II, CHEM:2410 (004:141) Organic Chemistry Laboratory, and MICR:2157 (061:157) General Microbiology 

Before the seventh semester begins: five more courses in the major and at least 90 s.h. earned toward the degree

Before the eighth semester begins: another 10-12 s.h. of course work

During the eighth semester: enrollment in all remaining course work in the major, all remaining required General Education courses, and a sufficient number of semester hours to graduate

Honors in the Major

Students majoring in microbiology have the opportunity to graduate with honors in the major. Departmental honors students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 3.33, both cumulative and in microbiology courses. To graduate with honors in the microbiology major, students must complete 23 s.h. of course work in microbiology, including 6 s.h. in MICR:4171 (061:171) Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiology, which introduces them to experimental research. At the end of the research, they must successfully present written and oral reports.

In addition to honors in their majors, undergraduate students have a variety of opportunities for honors study and activities through membership in the University of Iowa Honors Program; visit Honors at Iowa to learn about the University's honors program.

Joint B.S./Ph.D.

Students majoring in microbiology who are interested in earning a doctoral degree may apply to the joint Bachelor of Science/Doctor of Philosophy program in microbiology. The joint program permits students to count 12 s.h. of credit toward both the B.S. and Ph.D. degree requirements before they have been granted the B.S. degree. Contact the Department of Microbiology for more information.

Minor

The minor in microbiology requires a minimum of 15 s.h. in microbiology courses, including 12 s.h. in courses considered advanced for the minor taken at The University of Iowa. Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all courses for the minor and in all UI courses for the minor. Course work in the minor may not be taken pass/nonpass. Courses numbered MICR:3147 (061:147) Survey of Immunology and above are considered advanced for the minor, except MICR:3164 (061:164) Nursing Microbiology.

Students may count a maximum of 2 s.h. earned in MICR:4161 (061:161) Undergraduate Research in Microbiology or MICR:4171 (061:171) Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiology and a maximum of 2 s.h. earned in MICR:4163 (061:163) Seminar: Microbiology toward the minor. They may count MICR:5218 (061:218) Microscopy for Biomedical Research toward the minor but not MICR:5220 (061:220) Advanced Microscopy for Biomedical Research.

Graduate Programs of Study

  • Master of Science in microbiology
  • Doctor of Philosophy in microbiology

Graduate study in microbiology is designed to help students become highly qualified in microbiology research and teaching. Admitted graduate students usually pursue the Ph.D.

Graduate study is offered in six subdisciplines: pathogenic bacteriology, microbial genetics, immunology, microbial physiology, animal virology, and bioinformatics. Several areas involve interdisciplinary training both within and outside the department, so students gain broad experience during their course of study. Students also may pursue interdisciplinary Ph.D. programs in genetics, immunology, and molecular and cellular biology.

During their first year, students rotate in up to three laboratories of their choice and are advised by the Graduate Student Advisory Committee. At the end of March of the first year, they choose a research supervisor who chairs their advisory committee. The committee provides intellectual and research guidance for the student's training.

The Department of Microbiology cooperates with other University of Iowa departments to give students ample access to diverse course offerings, seminars, and research programs. For example, microbiology students may participate in courses and seminars in immunology, genetics, molecular and cellular biology, biocatalysis/biotechnology, and electron microscopy.

All students admitted to advanced degree programs are expected to assist in departmental teaching.

Master of Science

The Master of Science program in microbiology requires a minimum of 30 s.h. of graduate credit. M.S. students are required to earn a minimum of 12 s.h. in microbiology courses chosen from three of the department's six subdisciplines. They may substitute a course they have already taken (at The University of Iowa or elsewhere) for a course requirement, with the M.S. advisory committee's approval. Additional course requirements depend on students' interests and the advice of the examining committee.

Students must write a thesis based on their own research and defend it satisfactorily in an oral examination. No more than 9 s.h. of credit for thesis research may be counted toward the 30 s.h. required for the Master of Science.

Doctor of Philosophy

The Doctor of Philosophy program in microbiology requires a minimum of 72 s.h. of graduate credit. Ph.D. students are required to earn approximately 10 s.h. of credit in graduate-level microbiology courses. They may substitute a course they have already taken (at The University of Iowa or elsewhere) for a course requirement, with the Ph.D. advisory committee's approval.

Students must pass a comprehensive examination before the end of their fourth semester in the program and write a thesis based on their own research. The thesis must be defended satisfactorily in an oral examination.

Admission

Applicants must meet the admission requirements of the Graduate College; see the Manual of Rules and Regulations of the Graduate College or the Graduate College section of the Catalog. They should have a cumulative g.p.a. of at least 3.00 and must have completed courses in biology, chemistry (inorganic and organic), mathematics including calculus, and physics. Those admitted with deficiencies must complete the relevant course work during their first year of graduate study. Admission is determined through a review and formal vote by the faculty. Preference is given to students applying for the Ph.D. program.

Facilities

The Department of Microbiology is situated on the University of Iowa health sciences campus, where it shares the Bowen Science Building with the Departments of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Biochemistry, Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, and Pharmacology. Laboratory space and modern equipment are available for teaching and research.

Courses

Lower-Level Undergraduate

MICR:2157 (061:157) General Microbiology5 s.h.
Principles of bacterial and viral diversity, structure, genetics, physiology and metabolism; in contexts of molecular biology, immunology, infectious disease, and environmental microbiology; laboratory emphasis on basic techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL:1411 (002:031).
 

Upper-Level Undergraduate and Graduate

MICR:3112 (061:112) Pharmacy Microbiology4 s.h.
Medical microbiology: bacteriology, immunology, pathogenic bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology. Requirements: pre‑pharmacy standing.
 
MICR:3147 (061:147) Survey of Immunology3 s.h.
Important principles and key concepts in immunology; overview of innate and adaptive immune systems and their functions at cellular and molecular levels. Prerequisites: MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3159 (061:159) Pathogenic Bacteriology5 s.h.
Pathogenic bacteria, with emphasis on mechanisms of pathogenicity, laboratory methods for isolation, identification; laboratory emphasis on advanced methods for study of pathogenic bacteria. Requirements: grade of C or higher in MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3160 (061:160) Microbial Physiology3 s.h.
Bacterial genomes, cell structure, growth, energy metabolism, biosynthesis, mechanisms of signal transduction and regulation. Requirements: biochemistry course and grade of C or higher in MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3164 (061:164) Nursing Microbiology4 s.h.
Overview of bacteria, viruses, and eukaryotic microorganisms that cause human disease; microbial structure, growth control and reproduction; immunology in the context of host defense mechanisms. Corequisites: BIOL:1140 (002:021) or BIOL:1141 (002:002) or BIOL:1411 (002:031), if not taken as a prerequisite. Requirements: pre‑nursing standing.
 
MICR:3168 (061:168) Introduction to Animal Viruses3 s.h.
Basic physical, chemical, and biological properties of animal viruses; association with human disease. Requirements: grade of C or higher in MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3170 (061:170) Microbial Genetics3 s.h.
Genetics of bacteria, bacteriophages. Requirements: grade of C or higher in BIOL:2512 (002:128) or MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3175 (061:175) Microbial Genetics Laboratory3 s.h.
Introductory research experience in bacterial genetics providing exposure to a broad range of genetic methods; what it actually means to do science; student project to generate and interpret data, make hypotheses, design experiments, read primary literature, and write a scientific manuscript on findings. Prerequisites: MICR:3170 (061:170).
 
MICR:3178 (061:178) Animal Viruses Laboratory2 s.h.
Basic techniques and approaches in animal virology, including virus detection, virus growth measurement, and virus genetics. Corequisites: MICR:3168 (061:168). Requirements: grade of C or higher in MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3179 (061:179) Bacterial Diversity3 s.h.
Analysis of bacteria from varied habitats; emphasis on the physiological basis and molecular characteristics of diversity. Prerequisites: MICR:2157 (061:157). Corequisites: MICR:3170 (061:170). Recommendations: BIOC:3120 (099:120).
 
MICR:3189 (061:189) Bacterial Diversity Laboratory2 s.h.
Culture, identification, and examination of complex and dynamic microorganisms found in soil; focus on Bacillus and Myxobacteria species; hunt for members of the 99% (those microorganisms that are so far uncultured in the laboratory); classic and cutting‑edge microbiological and molecular assays to identify and characterize microorganisms; genetic techniques to investigate underlying basis of physiological mechanisms (e.g., biofilm formation and motility). Prerequisites: MICR:2157 (061:157).
 
MICR:3190 (061:190) Web-Based Nursing Microbiology4 s.h.
Nursing microbiology, principles of immunology; web‑based instruction. Prerequisites: BIOL:1140 (002:021) or BIOL:1141 (002:002) or BIOL:1411 (002:031). Requirements: pre‑nursing standing.
 
MICR:4161 (061:161) Undergraduate Research in Microbiologyarr.
Experimental research under faculty supervision. Prerequisites: BIOL:1411 (002:031).
 
MICR:4163 (061:163) Seminar: Microbiology2 s.h.
Current topics in microbiology, immunology. Requirements: senior standing and grades of C or higher in at least two of these — MICR:3147 (061:147), MICR:3159 (061:159), MICR:3160 (061:160), MICR:3168 (061:168), MICR:3170 (061:170), MICR:3179 (061:179).
 
MICR:4169 (061:169) Topics in Viral Biology and Pathogenesis1 s.h.
Topics include viral life cycles, immune response, antiviral treatments, potential for vaccine, animal models; lectures introducing subject matter; discussion of literature relevant to each week's topic. Prerequisites: MICR:3168 (061:168).
 
MICR:4171 (061:171) Honors Undergraduate Research in Microbiologyarr.
Experimental research under faculty supervision. Prerequisites: BIOL:1411 (002:031). Requirements: microbiology major, junior or senior standing, 3.33 overall g.p.a., and 3.33 g.p.a. in microbiology courses.
 

Graduate

MICR:5218 (061:218) Microscopy for Biomedical Researcharr.
Basic microscopy methods for research including optics, preparation, and analysis of biomedical specimens; light, fluorescence, confocal, transmitting electron, scanning electron, atomic force microscopes, elemental analysis; immunochemistry and stereology techniques; individualized laboratory instruction. Prerequisites: BIOL:2723 (002:114). Same as ACB:5218 (060:218), BIOL:5218 (002:218).
 
MICR:5220 (061:220) Advanced Microscopy for Biomedical Researcharr.
Technically advanced microscopy and instrumentation for research; individualized laboratory experience with opportunity to explore applications of microscopy methods. Requirements: for ACB:5220 (060:220) — an introductory microscopy course; for BIOL:5220 (002:220)ACB:5218 (060:218) or MICR:5218 (061:218), or ACB:4156 (060:156) or CBE:4156 (052:156) or EES:4156 (012:156); for MICR:5220 (061:220) — an introductory EM course. Same as BIOL:5220 (002:220), ACB:5220 (060:220).
 
MICR:5264 (061:264) Directed Study in Microbiologyarr.
 
MICR:5875 (061:275) Perspectives in Biocatalysis1-3 s.h.
Applied enzymology, protein design, structure‑activity relationships, biosensor technology, microbial transformations, biodegradation of environmental pollutants. Requirements: graduate standing in a participating department supported by the Predoctoral Training Program in Biotechnology. Same as CHEM:5875 (004:275), PHAR:5875 (046:275), CBE:5875 (052:275), CEE:5875 (053:275), BIOC:5875 (099:275).
 
MICR:6201 (061:201) Graduate Immunology3 s.h.
Ontogeny, activation, and function of T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes; innate immune effector mechanisms; major histocompatibility complex; antigen presentation; thymocyte positive and negative selection; signaling of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes; emphasis on experimental methods for analysis of these processes. Requirements: for IMMU:6201 (148:201) — college biology, general chemistry, and introductory immunology courses; for MICR:6201 (061:201) — courses in college biology, genetics, general chemistry, and introductory immunology. Recommendations: for IMMU:6201 (148:201) — courses in biochemistry and genetics; for MICR:6201 (061:201) — biochemistry course. Same as IMMU:6201 (148:201).
 
MICR:6247 (061:247) Graduate Survey of Immunology3 s.h.
Important principles and key concepts in immunology; overview of innate and adaptive immune systems and their functions at cellular and molecular levels. Same as IMMU:6247 (148:247).
 
MICR:6250 (061:299) Mechanisms of Parasitism Journal Club1 s.h.
Reviews of recent publications in molecular parasitology research and thesis research by training grant or journal club students. Same as MCB:6250 (142:299).
 
MICR:6259 (061:259) Graduate Pathogenic Bacteriology3 s.h.
Pathogenic bacteria, with emphasis on mechanisms of pathogenicity, laboratory methods for isolation, identification.
 
MICR:6260 (061:260) Graduate Microbial Physiology3 s.h.
Bacterial genomes, cell structure, growth, energy metabolism, biosynthesis, mechanisms of signal transduction and regulation.
 
MICR:6267 (061:267) Graduate Introduction to Animal Viruses3 s.h.
Basic physical, chemical, biological properties of animal viruses, their association with human diseases; discussion topics in the primary literature.
 
MICR:6268 (061:268) Biology and Pathogenesis of Viruses2 s.h.
Molecular biology of animal DNA and RNA viruses, interaction of these viruses with eucaryotic cells; mechanisms of viral latency, persistence, cellular transformation, oncogenesis; virology literature. Prerequisites: MICR:3168 (061:168) or MICR:6267 (061:267).
 
MICR:6270 (061:270) Graduate Microbial Genetics3 s.h.
Genetics of bacteria, bacteriophages.
 
MICR:6279 (061:279) Graduate Bacterial Diversity3 s.h.
Analysis of bacteria from varied habitats; emphasis on the physiological basis and molecular characteristics of diversity.
 
MICR:7207 (061:207) Advanced Topics in Immunology3 s.h.
In‑depth analysis of selected areas. Prerequisites: for IMMU:7221 (148:221)IMMU:6201 (148:201); for MICR:7207 (061:207)MICR:6201 (061:201) or IMMU:6201 (148:201). Same as IMMU:7221 (148:221).
 
MICR:7217 (061:217) Integrated Topics in Infectious Diseases1 s.h.
Clinical cases used to raise questions in host‑parasite interactions; case/scientific exposés followed by related journal club discussions at next class session. Same as IMMU:7217 (148:217).
 
MICR:7221 (061:221) Advanced Topics in Prokaryotic Biology Module 11-2 s.h.
Cell division and sporulation; development of critical thinking, experimental approach and design, writing, and oral presentation skills through primary literature and course specific assignments (proposal writing, writing manuscript reviews, oral presentations, small group discussions). Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7222 (061:222) Advanced Topics in Prokaryotic Biology Module 21-2 s.h.
Subversion of innate immune response by Gram‑positive and Gram‑negative bacteria; development of critical thinking, experimental approach and design, writing, and oral presentation skills through exposure to primary literature and assignments (proposal writing, writing manuscript reviews, oral presentations, small group discussions). Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7223 (061:223) Advanced Topics in Prokaryotic Biology Module 31-2 s.h.
Development of critical thinking, experimental approach and design, writing, and oral presentation skills through exposure to selected topics in microbiology and assignments (proposal, writing manuscript reviews, oral presentations, small group discussions). Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7224 (061:224) Advanced Topics in Prokaryotic Biology Module 41-2 s.h.
Development of critical thinking, experimental approach and design, writing, and oral presentation skills through exposure to selected topics in microbiology and assignments (proposal, writing manuscript reviews, oral presentations, small group discussions). Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7225 (061:225) Advanced Topics in Prokaryotic Biology Module 51-2 s.h.
Development of critical thinking, experimental approach and design, writing, and oral presentation skills through exposure to selected topics in microbiology and assignments (proposal, writing manuscript reviews, oral presentations, small group discussions). Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7226 (061:226) Advanced Topics in Prokaryotic Biology Module 61-2 s.h.
Development of critical thinking, experimental approach and design, writing, and oral presentation skills through exposure to selected topics in microbiology and assignments (proposal, writing manuscript reviews, oral presentations, small group discussions). Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7227 (061:227) Advanced Topics in Microbiology1 s.h.
Presentations by graduate students on selected research topics in microbiology; different topics each semester. Offered fall and spring semesters. Requirements: graduate standing in microbiology.
 
MICR:7261 (061:261) Graduate Research in Microbiologyarr.
Requirements: microbiology graduate standing.
 
MICR:7263 (061:263) Graduate Student Research Seminar1 s.h.
Presentation of thesis work in progress. Requirements: microbiology graduate standing.
 
MICR:7265 (061:265) Topics in Virology Literature1 s.h.
Papers of current interest in primary virology literature.
 
MICR:7269 (061:269) Graduate Topics in Viral Biology and Pathogenesis1 s.h.
Topics include viral life cycles, immune response, antiviral treatments, potential for vaccine, animal models; lectures introducing subject matter; discussion of literature relevant to each week's topic. Prerequisites: MICR:6267 (061:267).
 
MICR:8202 (061:103) Principles of Infectious Diseases5 s.h.
Principles and methods essential to study of microorganisms, their isolation and identification; microorganisms in infectious diseases; current immunology concepts. Requirements: M.D. enrollment.
 
MICR:8230 (061:113) Dental Microbiology3 s.h.
Medical microbiology: bacteriology, immunology, pathogenic bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology. Requirements: D.D.S. enrollment.