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This is a draft edition of the 2014-15 Catalog; the final edition will be published in late summer 2014.

French and Italian

Director, Division of World Languages, Literatures, and Cultures

  • Russell Ganim

Chair, Department of French and Italian

  • Cinzia Blum

General Education language coordinators

  • Deborah Contrada (Italian), Roxanna Curto (French), Emilie Destruel-Johnson (French), Dénes Gazsi (Arabic)

Faculty

Professors

  • Cinzia Blum, Wendelin Guentner, Geoffrey R. Hope, Michel Laronde, Roland Racevskis

Associate professors

  • Deborah L. Contrada, Anny Dominique Curtius, Rosemarie Scullion (French and Italian/Gender, Women's, and Sexuality Studies)

Assistant professors

  • Roxanna Curto, Emilie Destruel-Johnson, Dénes Gazsi, Yasmine Ramadan

Lecturers

  • Blandina Giblin, Jack Johnson, Katja Liimatta, Irene Lottini, Claudia Sartini-Rideout, Arne Seim

Professors emeriti

  • Jacques A. Bourgeacq, Florindo Cerreta, Simone Delaty, John T. Nothnagle
Undergraduate majors: French (B.A.); Italian (B.A.)
Undergraduate minors: Arabic; French; Italian
Graduate degrees: M.A. in French and Francophone world studies; Ph.D. in French and Francophone world studies
Web site: http://clas.uiowa.edu/dwllc/french-italian

The Department of French and Italian introduces students to the cultures of France, the Francophone world, Italy, and parts of the Middle East, providing an understanding of those countries' historical and contemporary importance. It also facilitates development of proficiency in the French, Italian, Arabic, and Swahili languages and fosters critical appreciation of French, Francophone, Italian, and Arabic literatures and cultures.

Undergraduate students in all majors may satisfy the World Languages requirement of the General Education Program with courses in Arabic, French, Italian, or Swahili; see "Language for General Education" below. The department offers other General Education courses, and entering students may take the department's First-Year Seminars, one on France, the other on Italy.

The Department of French and Italian is one of the academic units in the Division of World Languages, Literatures, and Cultures.

Undergraduate Programs of Study

  • Major in French (Bachelor of Arts)
  • Major in Italian (Bachelor of Arts)
  • Minor in Arabic
  • Minor in French
  • Minor in Italian

Students majoring in French or Italian may combine their studies with courses in education to prepare for jobs in high school teaching. They may go on to graduate study in areas such as French, Italian, comparative literature, and other interdisciplinary areas as preparation for college-level teaching. Or they may combine other skills and studies with their major in French or Italian to prepare for challenging career opportunities in international government, business, finance, travel, communications, and other fields where the knowledge of more than one language is essential.

Bachelor of Arts: French

The Bachelor of Arts with a major in French requires a minimum of 120 s.h., including 31-35 s.h. of work for the major. Students complete a set of four foundation courses (10 s.h.) plus the requirements for one of four tracks (21-25 s.h.): the French and Arabic track; the language track; the literature and culture track; or the teaching track. Students also must complete the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences General Education Program.

FOUNDATION COURSES
 
FREN:3020 (009:106) Oral Expression in French II2 s.h.
FREN:3060 (009:111) Introduction to Reading and Writing in Literature3 s.h.
FREN:3300 (009:112) French Grammar3 s.h.
FREN:4020 (009:136) Oral Expression in French III2 s.h.

Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all course work for the major, including all University of Iowa course work. Majors must maintain portfolios documenting their progress toward attaining the objectives of the French major.

A maximum of one course taught in English may be counted toward the major; courses taught in English with an additional semester hour in French are exempt from this rule. Students should consult with their advisors before registering.

Transfer credit may be accepted, and students are encouraged to participate in study abroad, but the last two courses in the major ordinarily must be completed at The University of Iowa. Transfer credit is evaluated on an individual basis by the faculty in charge of study abroad.

Students choose an emphasis in one of the following four tracks when they declare the major (or later, but before their fourth year).

French and Arabic Track

The French and Arabic track is designed for students interested in combining study of the French and Arabic languages with history, politics, and religions of Middle Eastern cultures and with a major in another area, such as comparative literature, political science, geography, or history.

Requirements for the French and Arabic track include the following seven or eight courses (25 s.h.) in addition to the 10 s.h. of foundation course work in French.

Three courses in French language, or literature and culture, taught in French, with at least one numbered above 40009 s.h.
Two or three courses in Arabic language beyond first year10 s.h.
Two courses on Middle Eastern cultures (prefix FREN), taught in French or English, or approved courses from other departments6 s.h.

Language Track

The language track is designed for students with an interest in language and translation, as well as literature and culture. Students work in specific areas such as international business, comparative stylistics, and translation.

Requirements for the language track include the following seven courses (21 s.h.) in addition to the 10 s.h. of foundation course work in French.

FREN:3410 (009:115) Business French3 s.h.
FREN:4890 (009:197) Techniques of Translation3 s.h.
Five courses in French language, or literature and culture

All language track students take FREN:3410 (009:115) and FREN:4890 (009:197). Of the remaining five courses, only one may be taught in English under the French department (prefix FREN). This restriction does not apply to courses taught in English with an additional semester hour in French. Students must complete at least two courses numbered above 4000, including the required course FREN:4890 (009:197).

Courses in French stylistics and textual analysis, another language, economics, political science, and/or business are recommended as adjunct electives.

Literature and Culture Track

The literature and culture track is designed for students who are interested in combining study of French and Francophone literatures and cultures with a major in another area, such as cinema, communication studies, comparative literature, history, international studies, political science, or journalism.

Requirements for the literature and culture track include the following seven courses (21 s.h.) in addition to the 10 s.h. of foundation course work in French.

Five courses in literature and culture
Two courses in language, or literature and culture

Only one of these courses may be taught in English under the French department (prefix FREN). This restriction does not apply to courses taught in English with an additional semester hour in French. At least two courses must be numbered above 4000.

Teaching Track

The teaching track is designed for students who intend to earn licensure to teach in elementary and/or secondary schools. Students must successfully complete the requirements for the major in French with the teaching track and must complete the College of Education's Teacher Education Program (TEP), which requires several education courses and student teaching (see "B.A. with Teacher Licensure" below).

Requirements for the French major's teaching track include the following seven courses (21 s.h.) in addition to the 10 s.h. of foundation course work in French.

Four courses in literature and culture
Three courses from these areas: language, literature and culture, or pedagogy

Only one of these courses may be taught in English under the French department (prefix FREN). This restriction does not apply to courses taught in English with an additional semester hour in French. At least two courses must be numbered above 4000.

Bachelor of Arts: Italian

The Bachelor of Arts with a major in Italian requires a minimum of 120 s.h., including 31 s.h. of work for the major. Students must complete the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences General Education Program.

Students may count a maximum of 9 s.h. (three courses) of approved upper-level transfer or study abroad credit toward the major in Italian, but they must take either ITAL:3305 (018:111) Advanced Italian or ITAL:3306 (018:112) Advanced Italian II at The University of Iowa.

The major in Italian requires the following course work.

ITAL:2203 (018:011) Intermediate Italian4 s.h.
ITAL:2204 (018:012) Intermediate Italian II4 s.h.
ITAL:3305 (018:111) Advanced Italian4 s.h.
ITAL:3306 (018:112) Advanced Italian II4 s.h.
ITAL:4633 (018:119) Medieval Italian Literature3 s.h.
ITAL:4634 (018:120) Medieval and Renaissance Italian Literature3 s.h.
ITAL:4667 (018:105) Modern Italian Fiction3 s.h.
ITAL:4668 (018:106) Modern Italian Poetry and Drama3 s.h.
An additional course taught in Italian, numbered above ITAL:3002 (018:103)3 s.h.

B.A. with Teacher Licensure

French or Italian majors interested in earning licensure to teach in elementary and/or secondary schools must complete the College of Education's Teacher Education Program (TEP) in addition to the requirements of their major and all requirements for graduation. The TEP requires several College of Education courses and student teaching. Contact the Office of Education Services for details.

Students must satisfy all degree requirements and complete Teacher Education Program licensure before degree conferral.

French majors who want to earn teacher licensure should choose the French teaching track. See "Teaching Track" under "Bachelor of Arts: French" above.

Italian majors who want to earn teacher licensure should include an additional 2 s.h. in their work for the major, in either ITAL:2013 (018:013) Everyday Italian I or ITAL:2014 (018:014) Everyday Italian II.

Students who plan to use their work toward a minor in either French or Italian as academic background for earning teacher licensure should contact the Office of Education Services about requirements.

Four-Year Graduation Plan

The following checkpoints list the minimum requirements students must complete by certain semesters in order to stay on the University's Four-Year Graduation Plan.

B.A.: French

Before the third semester begins: competence in first-year French

Before the fifth semester begins: second-year French [FREN:2002 (009:012) Intermediate French II]

Before the seventh semester begins: FREN:3020 (009:106) Oral Expression in French II, two semesters of third-year French, FREN:3060 (009:111) Introduction to Reading and Writing in Literature, FREN:3300 (009:112) French Grammar, one or two other courses in the major, and at least 90 s.h. earned toward the degree

Before the eighth semester begins: FREN:4020 (009:136) Oral Expression in French III and three more courses in the major; for the French language track, FREN:3410 (009:115) Business French and FREN:4890 (009:197) Techniques of Translation

During the eighth semester: enrollment in all remaining course work in the major, all remaining General Education courses, and a sufficient number of semester hours to graduate

B.A.: Italian

Before the third semester begins: competence in first-year Italian

Before the fifth semester begins: competence in second-year Italian [ITAL:2204 (018:012) Intermediate Italian II]

Before the seventh semester begins: four courses in the major numbered above ITAL:3002 (018:103) and at least 90 s.h. earned toward the degree

Before the eighth semester begins: a total of at least five courses in the major numbered above ITAL:3002 (018:103)

During the eighth semester: enrollment in all remaining course work in the major, all remaining General Education courses, and a sufficient number of semester hours to graduate

Honors in the Major

Students majoring in French or Italian have the opportunity to graduate with honors in the major. Departmental honors students must have a g.p.a. of at least 3.50 for work done in the department.

To graduate with honors in the major, departmental honors students must register for FREN:4995 (009:198) Honors Research and Thesis (French majors) or ITAL:4998 (018:198) Honors Research and Thesis (Italian majors) and one honors-designated course numbered above 4000 (French) or 3002 (Italian). They must complete an honors thesis or the equivalent (e.g., translation, comparative stylistics, cultural studies, or research) in French or Italian and must present their work to a faculty committee.

Honors students in French or Italian must be members of the University of Iowa Honors Program, which requires students to maintain a cumulative University of Iowa g.p.a. of at least 3.33 and to fulfill other requirements; visit Honors at Iowa to learn about the University's honors program.

Minor: Arabic

The minor in Arabic requires a minimum of 15 s.h. earned in Arabic language courses considered intermediate or advanced for the minor, including 12 s.h. taken at The University of Iowa (prefix ARAB). Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all courses for the minor and in all UI courses for the minor. Course work in the minor may not be taken pass/nonpass. All courses for the minor must be taught in Arabic. Credit from the University of Iowa Regents Summer Program in Fez, Morocco, earned in courses with prefix ARAB counts as University of Iowa credit for the minor.

Minor: French

The minor in French requires a minimum of 15 s.h., including 12 s.h. earned in courses considered advanced for the minor; 9 s.h. of the 12 s.h. in advanced courses must be taken at The University of Iowa in courses numbered 3000 or above (prefix FREN). Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all courses for the minor and in all UI courses for the minor. Course work in the minor may not be taken pass/nonpass. All courses for the minor must be taught in French. Credit from the University Studies Abroad Consortium (USAC) program in Pau, France, and the Study in Montpellier program in France counts as University of Iowa credit for the minor; 6 s.h. earned in other study abroad programs may be counted toward the minor.

Minor: Italian

The minor in Italian requires a minimum of 15 s.h., including 12 s.h. earned in Italian courses (prefix ITAL) numbered above 3002 taken at The University of Iowa. Students must maintain a g.p.a. of at least 2.00 in all courses for the minor and in all UI courses for the minor. Course work in the minor may not be taken pass/nonpass. All courses for the minor must be taught in Italian. Students who wish to count ITAL:3550 (018:132) Images of Modern Italy toward the minor must enroll in the 4 s.h. section, which includes discussion in Italian.

Language for General Education

The Department of French and Italian provides course sequences in four languages—Arabic, French, Italian, and Swahili—that students in all majors may use to fulfill the World Languages requirement of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences General Education Program. It also offers a variety of language courses that nonmajors may take to satisfy their own educational goals and interests.

ARABIC

The department is the administrative home for Arabic language and culture courses. It offers elementary, intermediate, and advanced Arabic as well as conversational Arabic, for which intermediate Arabic is prerequisite. See "Courses" toward the end of this Catalog section. Students without background in Arabic should begin with ARAB:1001 (195:101) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic I.

Students who wish to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with Arabic should complete the following course sequence.

ARAB:1001 (195:101) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic I5 s.h.
ARAB:1002 (195:102) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic II5 s.h.
ARAB:2001 (195:111) Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic I5 s.h.
ARAB:2002 (195:112) Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic II5 s.h.
FRENCH

Students who have a background in French should take the online World Languages Placement Test, which helps determine the level at which a student should begin French language study at The University of Iowa. Students without background in French should begin with FREN:1001 (009:001) Elementary French I.

Students who wish to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with French should complete the following sequence.

FREN:1001 (009:001) Elementary French I5 s.h.
FREN:1002 (009:002) Elementary French II5 s.h.
FREN:2001 (009:011) Intermediate French I4 s.h.
FREN:2002 (009:012) Intermediate French II4 s.h.

Those with previous knowledge of French may be able to fulfill the World Languages requirement with this sequence.

FREN:1010 (009:010) First-Year French Review5 s.h.
FREN:2001 (009:011) Intermediate French I4 s.h.
FREN:2002 (009:012) Intermediate French II4 s.h.
ITALIAN

Students who have a background in Italian should consult with the department before classes begin to determine the level at which they should begin Italian language study at The University of Iowa. Students without background in Italian should begin with ITAL:1101 (018:001) Elementary Italian.

Students who wish to fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement with Italian should complete the following course sequence.

ITAL:1101 (018:001) Elementary Italian5 s.h.
ITAL:1102 (018:002) Elementary Italian II5 s.h.
ITAL:2203 (018:011) Intermediate Italian4 s.h.
ITAL:2204 (018:012) Intermediate Italian II4 s.h.

Those with strong language-learning abilities or background in another Romance language may be able to substitute ITAL:3002 (018:103) Intensive Elementary Italian for ITAL:1101 (018:001) Elementary Italian and ITAL:1102 (018:002) Elementary Italian II and fulfill the World Languages requirement with this sequence.

ITAL:3002 (018:103) Intensive Elementary Italian4, 6 s.h.
ITAL:2203 (018:011) Intermediate Italian4 s.h.
ITAL:2204 (018:012) Intermediate Italian II4 s.h.
SWAHILI

The department is the administrative home for Swahili courses. Students may fulfill the General Education Program's World Languages requirement by taking the following four-semester sequence.

SWAH:3001 (211:125) Elementary Swahili I4 s.h.
SWAH:3002 (211:126) Elementary Swahili II4 s.h.
SWAH:3003 (211:127) Intermediate Swahili I4 s.h.
SWAH:3004 (211:128) Intermediate Swahili II4 s.h.

Study Abroad

The department participates in several study abroad programs. Some of them are the University Study Abroad Consortium (USAC) French Studies in Pau; University of Minnesota/Paul Valery University Study Abroad in Montpellier; and the Committee on Institutional Cooperation (CIC) Summer French Program in Quebec at the Université de Laval. For information about these and other programs abroad, contact International Programs Study Abroad and use its Programs by Language search; or see Study Abroad (University College) in the Catalog.

Graduate Programs of Study

  • Master of Arts in French and Francophone world studies (with or without thesis)
  • Doctor of Philosophy in French and Francophone world studies

The Master of Arts is offered with an optional French education emphasis.

Faculty expertise enables the department to offer courses in the traditionally recognized historical periods of French literature, various literary genres, and critical theories as well as the Francophone literatures of Canada, North and sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean, and the Indian Ocean. The department has particular strengths in interdisciplinary studies, notably in the areas of comparative arts, film studies, history, and second language acquisition.

For more detailed information on graduate degrees in French and Francophone world studies, contact the Department of French and Italian or visit its web site. The department also publishes the Guide for Graduate Students and Assistants.

Master of Arts

The Master of Arts program in French and Francophone world studies requires a minimum of 30 s.h. of graduate credit and is offered with or without thesis.

Thesis students may apply up to 6 s.h. of thesis credit toward the 30 s.h. required for the degree. They must take a written and oral examination on their areas of study and must defend their thesis at the time of the comprehensive examination. The thesis prospectus must be accepted one year before the student defends the thesis.

Nonthesis students must pass a written and oral examination. With permission of the director of graduate studies and the department chair, nonthesis students may earn up to 6 s.h. of the required 30 s.h. outside the department or transfer up to 6 s.h. of course work completed at another institution.

All M.A. students must complete the following course work.

FREN:5001 (009:208) Introduction to Graduate Study2 s.h.
FREN:5020 (009:210) Comparative Stylistics3 s.h.
FREN:5030 (009:234) Principles of Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages3 s.h.
At least four graduate-level literature or culture courses numbered 5000 and above

M.A. with French Education Emphasis

The Master of Arts program with French education emphasis requires a minimum of 38 s.h. of graduate credit in French. The program is intended primarily for prospective secondary school and junior college teachers. Candidates must pass a final written and oral examination.

All French education emphasis students must complete the following course work.

FREN:5001 (009:208) Introduction to Graduate Study2 s.h.
FREN:5020 (009:210) Comparative Stylistics3 s.h.
FREN:5030 (009:234) Principles of Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages3 s.h.
Courses in French literature numbered 5000 and above (minimum requirement)9 s.h.

Doctor of Philosophy

The Doctor of Philosophy program in French and Francophone world studies requires a minimum of 72 s.h. of graduate credit, including credit earned for the M.A. The program is designed to prepare students for research, teaching, and professional service normally required of college and university faculty members.

The Ph.D. takes at least three years of graduate study, including at least one year spent in residence at The University of Iowa. Students must pass a comprehensive examination and make a successful oral defense of their dissertation.

Requirements for the Ph.D. include the following.

FREN:5001 (009:208) Introduction to Graduate Study2 s.h.
FREN:6140 (009:260) Critical Theory and Practice3 s.h.
FREN:7000 (009:277) Thesis (6 s.h. minimum)6 s.h.
Three graduate courses in a related field, such as another in literature, history, or philosophy (8 s.h. minimum)8 s.h.

Ph.D. students must possess fifth-semester or equivalent proficiency in a foreign language other than French.

Students working toward the Ph.D. are required to spend at least one year teaching as graduate assistants in the department.

Admission

Applicants to the M.A. program in French and Francophone world studies must have completed the equivalent of the University of Iowa undergraduate major in French. An M.A. in French is prerequisite to admission to the Ph.D. program in French and Francophone world studies. However, successful completion of an M.A. in French does not necessarily qualify a student for doctoral study.

Applicants must meet the admission requirements of the Graduate College; see the Manual of Rules and Regulations of the Graduate College or the Graduate College section of the Catalog.

Applicants for fall semester whose application materials are received in the department by January 15 have the best chance to be admitted and receive financial aid. They must submit academic transcripts, letters of recommendation from three persons familiar with their past academic work, Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test results, a statement of purpose in taking graduate work, and one or more samples of original writing, one of which should be in French, that show their ability to pursue graduate work in French (an honors thesis, term paper, seminar paper, or other course papers).

Financial Support

Teaching assistantships are offered through the department, and University fellowships and scholarships are available through the Graduate College. Contact the Department of French and Italian for details.

Teaching assistants in the department must take FREN:5030 (009:234) Principles of Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages.

Exchange assistantship agreements with the University of Pau and the University of Poitiers provide one year of residence at these Universities in France for graduate students.

Courses

The department offers courses in French, Italian, Arabic, and Swahili. For a detailed description of courses offered each semester, contact the Department of French and Italian. French courses are conducted in French, and Italian courses are conducted in Italian, unless otherwise indicated. Students may not receive credit for a course that is prerequisite to, or whose equivalent is prerequisite to, a higher-level course they have already completed.

French courses numbered 4000-4999 are intended primarily for advanced undergraduates; graduate students should consult with their advisors before registering for these courses.

Undergraduates may count a maximum of one course taught in English toward requirements for the major in French. This restriction does not apply to courses taught in English with an additional semester hour in French. Students should consult with their advisors before registering.

Students who have had significant experience with French through living or studying abroad should consult with the department before enrolling in any French course.

French, Lower-Level Undergraduate

FREN:1000 (009:029) First-Year Seminar1-2 s.h.
Small discussion class taught by a faculty member; topics chosen by instructor; may include outside activities (e.g., films, lectures, performances, readings, visits to research facilities). Taught in English. Requirements: first‑ or second‑semester standing.
 
FREN:1001 (009:001) Elementary French I4-5 s.h.
Introduction to reading, writing, listening, and speaking; for students who have no knowledge of French. GE: World Languages First Level Proficiency.
 
FREN:1002 (009:002) Elementary French II4-5 s.h.
Continuation of FREN:1001 (009:001); introduction to reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Prerequisites: FREN:1001 (009:001). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
FREN:1005 (009:005) Texts and Contexts: French-Speaking World3 s.h.
Development of skills in reading, understanding, and critically engaging with literary texts, and of research skills for informed inquiry; sense of oneself as a situated reader; range of texts reflecting diversity of French and Francophone writers. Taught in English. GE: Interpretation of Literature.
 
FREN:1007 (009:007) Nature/Ecology French Philosophy and Fiction3 s.h.
Representations of the natural world in literary works from 16th to 20th centuries and in film; readings in English translation. Taught in English. GE: Interpretation of Literature.
 
FREN:1010 (009:010) First-Year French Review4-5 s.h.
FREN:1001 (009:001) and FREN:1002 (009:002) combined in one intensive course. GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
FREN:1040 (009:040) French for Travelers2 s.h.
Basic language skills for tourists; for students with no previous French.
 
FREN:1510 (009:030) Cultural Misunderstandings: France and U.S.A.3 s.h.
Key moments in the history of relations between the United States and France, from similarities underlying democratic principles to recent divergent worldviews. Taught in English. GE: International and Global Issues.
 
FREN:2001 (009:011) Intermediate French I4 s.h.
Prerequisites: FREN:1002 (009:002) or FREN:1010 (009:010). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
FREN:2002 (009:012) Intermediate French II4 s.h.
Continuation of FREN:2001 (009:011). Prerequisites: FREN:2001 (009:011). GE: World Languages Fourth Level Proficiency.
 
FREN:2007 (009:013) French Pronunciation3 s.h.
Introduction to French phonetics; sounds of French in isolation and in context to improve pronunciation; audio exercises that emphasize sounds (nasal vowels, [u]-[y] contrast) and prosodic features (intonation, syllabification, liaison); written materials in French. Prerequisites: FREN:1001 (009:001), and FREN:1002 (009:002) or FREN:1010 (009:010).
 
FREN:2020 (009:026) Oral Expression in French I2 s.h.
Prerequisites: FREN:1002 (009:002) or FREN:1010 (009:010).
 

French, Upper-Level Undergraduate and Graduate

FREN:3000 (009:105) Third-Year French3 s.h.
Development of reading skills in French; composition and review of basic grammar structures. Prerequisites: FREN:2002 (009:012).
 
FREN:3020 (009:106) Oral Expression in French II2 s.h.
Second in a three‑course sequence. Corequisites: FREN:2002 (009:012), if not taken as a prerequisite.
 
FREN:3030 (009:130) Paris and the Art of Urban Life3 s.h.
City of Paris examined in varied historical, artistic, cultural contexts; interdisciplinary. Same as ARTH:3020 (01H:157).
 
FREN:3060 (009:111) Introduction to Reading and Writing in Literature3 s.h.
Development of analytical, organizational skills for interpretation of literature; readings in prose, poetry, drama, criticism; emphasis on reading and essay writing. Prerequisites: FREN:2002 (009:012).
 
FREN:3110 (009:113) French Civilization3 s.h.
Institutions and events from the beginning of French civilization to the Renaissance. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111). GE: Historical Perspectives.
 
FREN:3120 (009:114) French Civilization3 s.h.
From Renaissance to Revolution. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111). GE: Historical Perspectives.
 
FREN:3130 (009:120) French-Speaking Cultures3 s.h.
Features of cultures in which French is spoken; North Africa, Subsaharan Africa, the Indian Ocean, Indochina, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe; cinema, music, literature, the arts, the media. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111).
 
FREN:3160 (009:127) Study Abroad: Culture3 s.h.
Geography, history, architecture, painting, music of France; readings, slides, video and audio cassettes, visits to sites of cultural significance. Prerequisites: FREN:2002 (009:012).
 
FREN:3215 (009:117) Studies in Medieval and Early Modern France3 s.h.
Introduction to the study of Medieval and Early Modern France (Middle Ages to the Revolution of 1789); focus on aspects of history, literature, politics, and culture of the period; emphasis on interdisciplinary investigation of diverse cultural forms. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111).
 
FREN:3225 (009:119) Studies in Modern France3 s.h.
Introduction to the study of Modern France (1815‑present); history, literature, politics, and culture of the period; emphasis on interdisciplinary investigation of diverse cultural forms. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111).
 
FREN:3250 (009:118) Topics in French Studies I3 s.h.
Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111).
 
FREN:3300 (009:112) French Grammar3 s.h.
Study of word forms, sentence patterns for more accurate use of French. Prerequisites: FREN:2002 (009:012).
 
FREN:3360 (009:124) Study Abroad: Language3 s.h.
Written and spoken French; listening, speaking, reading, writing in cultural contexts. Prerequisites: FREN:2002 (009:012).
 
FREN:3410 (009:115) Business French3 s.h.
Language of economics and business; practice in business correspondence and communication, active use of business vocabulary. Offered fall semesters. Prerequisites: FREN:3300 (009:112).
 
FREN:3510 (009:147) French Cinema3-4 s.h.
Taught in English. GE: Literary, Visual, and Performing Arts. Same as CINE:3605 (048:105).
 
FREN:3540 (009:148) Gender and Sexuality in French Cinema3 s.h.
Cultural, historical, semiotic approach to studying construction of gender identity and sexual codes in French cinema from 1920s to present. Taught in English. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) or CINE:1601 (048:001) or CINE:1602 (048:002) or GWSS:1001 (131:010). Same as GWSS:3540 (131:167), CINE:3647 (048:167).
 
FREN:4015 (009:166) Francophone Cinema3-4 s.h.
Introduction to the cinema of French‑speaking countries outside of France; history, production, distribution; issues of colonialism, postcolonial identities, gender, social realism, diasporas, popular culture. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111).
 
FREN:4020 (009:136) Oral Expression in French III2 s.h.
Last in a three‑course sequence. Prerequisites: FREN:3020 (009:106).
 
FREN:4026 (009:183) French Women Writers3-4 s.h.
Survey of 20th‑century French women writers with emphasis on Simone de Beauvoir; broad range of literary works by writers including de Beauvoir, Colette, Marguerite Yourcenar, Nathalie Sarraute, Marguerite Duras, Sarah Kofman, Annie Ernaux, Christiane Rachefort; French feminist theorists who followed in de Beauvoir's footsteps, including Helene Cixous, Julia Kristeva, Luce Irigaray. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) or GWSS:1001 (131:010). Same as GWSS:4026 (131:193).
 
FREN:4030 (009:187) Aspects of Poetry3 s.h.
Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112).
 
FREN:4080 (009:168) Post-Colonial Literature in France3 s.h.
Literatures and cultures of Arabo‑French (Beur) and Afro‑French immigrations. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112). Same as CL:4368 (218:168).
 
FREN:4090 (009:164) Quebecois Literature3 s.h.
Introduction to Francophone literature and culture of Canada; 19th‑ and 20th‑century novels and other cultural practices (e.g., theater, chansons, films). Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112).
 
FREN:4110 (009:163) Francophone Literature of the African Diaspora3 s.h.
Literatures and cultures of Francophone West Africa, the Caribbean, and the Indian Ocean analyzed through fiction, essays, films, visual arts. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112).
 
FREN:4310 (009:175) Atelier d'Ecriture en Français/Creative Writing in French1 s.h.
Development of intellectual and affective techniques necessary for writing creatively; exploration of cognitive and psychological barriers to producing literature in a language other than one's own; brief portraits, journals, dialogues.
 
FREN:4466 (009:145) France and Algeria from Pirates to Terrorism3 s.h.
Long, complex history of relationship between France and Algeria since 18th century; early modern conflicts over Barbary piracy, French invasion, and colonization of Algeria in 19th century; brutal Algerian War of Independence, postcolonial migration, and ongoing war of memory over shared Franco‑Algerian history of colonization and decolonization. Taught in English. Same as HIST:4466 (16E:145).
 
FREN:4520 (009:172) Versailles Under the Sun King3-4 s.h.
Survey of culture and literature related to the court of King Louis XIV at Versailles, France. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111).
 
FREN:4750 (009:178) Topics in French Studies II3 s.h.
French and/or Francophone literature or culture. Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112).
 
FREN:4890 (009:197) Techniques of Translation3 s.h.
Prerequisites: FREN:3300 (009:112). Same as TRNS:4497 (218:197).
 
FREN:4911 (009:184) French for Reading/Research2 s.h.
 
FREN:4912 (009:185) French for Reading/Research2 s.h.
 
FREN:4990 (009:196) Independent Studyarr.
Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112).
 
FREN:4995 (009:198) Honors Research and Thesis3 s.h.
Prerequisites: FREN:3060 (009:111) and FREN:3300 (009:112).
 

French, Graduate

FREN:5001 (009:208) Introduction to Graduate Study2 s.h.
Expectations, resources, and opportunities of graduate study; introduction to course work, development of preprofessional competencies. Same as SPAN:5001 (035:208).
 
FREN:5020 (009:210) Comparative Stylistics3 s.h.
Translation from English to French, including literary texts. Same as CL:5510 (218:211).
 
FREN:5030 (009:234) Principles of Teaching and Learning Foreign Languages3 s.h.
Same as GRMN:5030 (013:221), ASIA:5030 (039:234), SLAV:5030 (041:234).
 
FREN:6010 (009:215) The Renaissance in France3 s.h.
 
FREN:6020 (009:227) Studies in the Seventeenth Century3 s.h.
 
FREN:6050 (009:212) Realism and Naturalism3 s.h.
Representative novels of Realist and Naturalist movements, in historical, literary, and theoretical context.
 
FREN:6080 (009:224) Modern French Novel3 s.h.
 
FREN:6090 (009:223) French History in/and Cinema3 s.h.
French cinema's role in constructing 20th‑century discourse on national and cultural identity and in shaping modern France's historical imagination.
 
FREN:6120 (009:225) Literature of Immigration in France3 s.h.
Contemporary literature written by non‑European immigrants in France; issues of identity, institutional power, exclusion, displacement; rhetorical strategies used in these decentered texts to open a discursive/subversive space in canonical literary discourse.
 
FREN:6130 (009:240) Studies in Francophone Literatures3 s.h.
Historical, anthropological, comparative approach to Francophone literatures and cultures; Afro/Indo‑Caribbean religions in literatures, theoretical and critical discourses, women's literature and cinema.
 
FREN:6140 (009:260) Critical Theory and Practice3 s.h.
 
FREN:6142 (009:262) Crossing Borders Seminar2-3 s.h.
Same as HIST:6635 (016:247), ENGL:6635 (008:231), POLI:6635 (030:242), GEOG:6635 (044:286), ANTH:6635 (113:247), AFAM:6635 (129:231), GRMN:6635 (013:262), SPAN:6904 (035:273), PORO:6635 (160:247), IWP:6635 (181:247), CINE:6635 (048:247), COMM:6635 (036:247).
 
FREN:6750 (009:220) Topics in French Studies3 s.h.
 
FREN:6901 (009:237) Second Language Acquisition Research and Theory I3 s.h.
Theories regarding success and failure in acquisition of second or subsequent languages; research, issues. Same as ASIA:6901 (039:200), SLA:6901 (164:201), SPAN:6901 (035:201), JPNS:6901 (39J:201).
 
FREN:6920 (009:238) Multimedia and Second Language Acquisition3 s.h.
Foreign language multimedia in context of current second language acquisition theories and research; readings on interactivity, interface design, feedback, learner control; acquisition of vocabulary, grammar, and culture. Requirements: foreign language teaching methodology course. Same as SLA:6920 (164:211), GRMN:6920 (013:253), SPAN:6920 (035:212).
 
FREN:6950 (009:236) Topics in Second Language Acquisition: Speaking3 s.h.
Theory, pedagogy, research, and assessment in second language speaking. Same as SLA:6950 (164:221), SPAN:6950 (035:228).
 
FREN:7000 (009:277) Thesisarr.
 
FREN:7105 (009:350) Seminar: Comparative Topicsarr.
Comparative topics in literature, theory, media, cultural studies Same as CL:7105 (218:355).
 
FREN:7990 (009:279) Independent Studyarr.
 

Italian, Lower-Level Undergraduate

ITAL:1000 (018:029) First-Year Seminar1 s.h.
Small discussion class taught by a faculty member; topics chosen by instructor; may include outside activities (e.g., films, lectures, performances, readings, visits to research facilities). Taught in English. Requirements: first‑ or second‑semester standing.
 
ITAL:1030 (018:030) Italian for Travelers2 s.h.
Basic language skills for tourists; for students with no previous Italian.
 
ITAL:1050 (018:003) Italy Live3 s.h.
Introduction to Italian language and culture designed for students whose first contact with the language is in Italy; offered through Consortium of Universities for International Studies study abroad program (CUIS/CIMBA) in Paderno del Grappa, Italy.
 
ITAL:1101 (018:001) Elementary Italian5 s.h.
For students who have no knowledge of Italian. Offered fall semesters. GE: World Languages First Level Proficiency.
 
ITAL:1102 (018:002) Elementary Italian II5 s.h.
Offered spring semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:1101 (018:001). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
ITAL:1540 (018:040) Topics in Italian2 s.h.
Topics in Italian language, culture, and literature; may include Italian cinema, studies of specific Italian cities, thematic approaches to Italian studies.
 
ITAL:2013 (018:013) Everyday Italian I2 s.h.
Offered fall semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:1102 (018:002) or ITAL:3002 (018:103).
 
ITAL:2014 (018:014) Everyday Italian II2 s.h.
Offered spring semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:1102 (018:002) or ITAL:3002 (018:103).
 
ITAL:2203 (018:011) Intermediate Italian4 s.h.
Offered fall semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:1102 (018:002). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
ITAL:2204 (018:012) Intermediate Italian II4 s.h.
Offered spring semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:2203 (018:011). GE: World Languages Fourth Level Proficiency.
 
ITAL:2990 (018:053) Independent Studyarr.
 

Italian, Upper-Level Undergraduate and Graduate

ITAL:3002 (018:103) Intensive Elementary Italian4,6 s.h.
Offered spring semesters. Requirements: two years of another foreign language. GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
ITAL:3305 (018:111) Advanced Italian3-4 s.h.
Offered fall semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:2204 (018:012).
 
ITAL:3306 (018:112) Advanced Italian II3-4 s.h.
Offered spring semesters. Prerequisites: ITAL:3305 (018:111).
 
ITAL:3550 (018:132) Images of Modern Italy3-4 s.h.
Survey of Italy's history since Unification; diverse aspects of modern Italian culture and society through visual and textural materials. Requirements: ITAL:2204 (018:012) for students earning 4 s.h. GE: Historical Perspectives; Values, Society, and Diversity.
 
ITAL:4350 (018:114) Studies in Italian Language3 s.h.
Prerequisites: ITAL:3306 (018:112).
 
ITAL:4633 (018:119) Medieval Italian Literature3 s.h.
Prerequisites: ITAL:2204 (018:012).
 
ITAL:4634 (018:120) Medieval and Renaissance Italian Literature3 s.h.
Prerequisites: ITAL:2204 (018:012).
 
ITAL:4667 (018:105) Modern Italian Fiction3 s.h.
Prerequisites: ITAL:2204 (018:012).
 
ITAL:4668 (018:106) Modern Italian Poetry and Drama3 s.h.
Continuation of ITAL:4667 (018:105), but may be taken as independent unit. Prerequisites: ITAL:2204 (018:012).
 
ITAL:4990 (018:153) Independent Studyarr.
 
ITAL:4998 (018:198) Honors Research and Thesis3 s.h.
 

Arabic, Lower-Level Undergraduate

ARAB:1001 (195:101) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic I5 s.h.
Speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills. GE: World Languages First Level Proficiency.
 
ARAB:1002 (195:102) Elementary Modern Standard Arabic II5 s.h.
Continuation of ARAB:1001 (195:101). Prerequisites: ARAB:1001 (195:101). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
ARAB:1020 (195:115) Study Abroad: Language (Elementary)5 s.h.
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA); speaking, reading, listening and writing skills. Requirements: non‑native speaker of Arabic; heritage speaker of Arabic should contact the course supervisor for appropriate placement.
 
ARAB:1050 (195:050) Topics in Middle East/Muslim World Studies I3 s.h.
Contemporary cultural questions and debates in the Muslim and Arabic‑speaking world. Taught in English.
 
ARAB:2001 (195:111) Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic I5 s.h.
Communication in speaking and writing; cultural topics. Prerequisites: ARAB:1002 (195:102). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
ARAB:2002 (195:112) Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic II5 s.h.
Continuation of ARAB:2001 (195:111). Prerequisites: ARAB:2001 (195:111). GE: World Languages Fourth Level Proficiency.
 
ARAB:2020 (195:123) Study Abroad: Language (Intermediate)6 s.h.
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA); speaking, reading, listening and writing. Requirements: non‑native speaker of Arabic; heritage speaker of Arabic should contact the course supervisor for appropriate placement. Recommendations: one year of Arabic study.
 
ARAB:2025 (195:126) Study Abroad: Culture and Society1 s.h.
Introduction to Moroccan culture and society through direct observation and interaction; intensive orientation, cultural exchange activities, learning excursions outside Fez, homestay with a Moroccan family.
 
ARAB:2030 (195:120) Formal Spoken Arabic2 s.h.
Conversational practice with a native speaker; for students who have completed fourth‑semester Arabic. Prerequisites: ARAB:1002 (195:102) or ARAB:2002 (195:112). Requirements: non‑native or non‑heritage speaker of Arabic.
 
ARAB:2050 (195:125) Topics in Middle East/Muslim World Studies II3 s.h.
Contemporary cultural questions and debates in the Muslim and Arabic‑speaking world. Taught in English.
 

Arabic, Upper-Level Undergraduate and Graduate

ARAB:3011 (195:130) Advanced Modern Standard Arabic I3 s.h.
Advanced Arabic grammar and syntax, composition writing, formal conversation (similar to conversations on Arabic mass media); classical Arabic texts, other materials written for persons whose first or official language is Arabic. Prerequisites: ARAB:2002 (195:112).
 
ARAB:3012 (195:131) Advanced Modern Standard Arabic II3 s.h.
Continuation of ARAB:3011 (195:130); advanced Arabic grammar and syntax, composition writing, formal conversation (similar to conversations on Arabic mass media); classical Arabic texts, other materials written for persons whose first or official language is Arabic. Prerequisites: ARAB:3011 (195:130).
 
ARAB:3020 (195:133) Study Abroad: Language (Advanced)6 s.h.
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA); speaking, reading, listening, and writing. Requirements: non‑native speaker of Arabic; heritage speaker of Arabic should contact the course supervisor for appropriate placement. Recommendations: two or more years of Arabic language.
 
ARAB:3050 (195:122) Arab Culture Through Dialects3 s.h.
Communication in dialectal Arabic, Arabic dialectology, cultural topics, music and film in dialectal Arabic. Prerequisites: ARAB:1001 (195:101). Requirements: non‑native or non‑heritage speaker of Arabic.
 
ARAB:4512 (195:172) Topics in Global and Transnational Culture3-4 s.h.
In‑depth look at a theme in cultural expression arising from interactions between countries and regions; focus on contemporary or historical issues; use of materials ranging from literature and the visual arts to music, mass media, and more; general processes through which cultures are formed in mutual and uneven relationships; research project. Recommendations: completion of an international and global issues GE course. Same as WLLC:4512 (218:172), GRMN:4512 (013:172).
 
ARAB:4990 (195:153) Independent Studyarr.
Material not covered in regularly offered courses; independent study guided by an instructor.
 

Swahili, Upper-Level Undergraduate and Graduate

SWAH:3001 (211:125) Elementary Swahili I4 s.h.
GE: World Languages First Level Proficiency.
 
SWAH:3002 (211:126) Elementary Swahili II4 s.h.
Prerequisites: SWAH:3001 (211:125). GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
SWAH:3003 (211:127) Intermediate Swahili I4 s.h.
GE: World Languages Second Level Proficiency.
 
SWAH:3004 (211:128) Intermediate Swahili II4 s.h.
GE: World Languages Fourth Level Proficiency.
 
SWAH:3006 (211:130) Conversational Swahili3 s.h.
Extensive practice in production and comprehension of spoken Swahili. Corequisites: SWAH:3002 (211:126) or SWAH:3004 (211:128).
 
SWAH:4000 (211:124) Identity, Trade, and Diaspora3 s.h.
Identity of Swahili people on East African coast; trade networks and diaspora in Arabia and Persian Gulf over the centuries; Swahili civilization marked by urbanity, literacy, Islam, and cosmopolitanism; how scholars' views have changed (scholars originally could not reconcile their conception of Africa, the Dark Continent, with characteristics of this sophisticated culture). Same as HIST:4728 (16W:128).